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Resources required for Astro on Azure

Unless otherwise specified, new clusters on Microsoft Azure are created with a set of default resources that are considered appropriate for most use cases.

Default cluster values

ResourceDescriptionQuantity/Default Size
Resource GroupA container for cluster resources.1x
Azure Virtual Network (VNet)A virtual network that hosts Azure resources.1x /19
SubnetsCreated in the VNet and used for the backing database, Pod, node, and private endpoints.
/28 for database
/21 for pods
/21 for nodes
/22 for private endpoints
Azure Database for PostgreSQL Flexible ServerA private database instance and the Astro data plane primary database. Hosts a metadata database for each hosted Airflow Deployment.Standard_D4ds_v4
Private DNS Zone for DatabaseProvides access to the private database instance.1x
Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS) ClusterRuns the Astro Data Plane, which hosts the resources and data required to execute Airflow tasks.1x
Virtual Machines (nodes)Hosts all system and Airflow components on Astro, including workers and schedulers. Auto-scale based on the demand for nodes in your cluster.Standard_D4d_v5
Azure Storage Account (Standard)Stores Azure Blobs.1x
Azure Blob StorageStores Airflow task logs.1x
Private Endpoint for Blob StorageProvides access to Azure Blob storage task logs.1x
Private DNS Zone for Blob StorageProvides access to Azure Blob storage task logs.1x
Public IP AddressRequired for connectivity to the control plane and other services.1x

Supported cluster configurations

Depending on the needs of your organization, you may be interested in modifying certain configurations of a new or existing cluster on Astro.

To create a new cluster on Astro with a specified configuration, see Install Astro on Azure or Create a cluster. To make changes to an existing cluster, see Modify a cluster.

Supported regions

Astro supports the following Azure regions:

  • Central US
  • East US
  • West US 3
  • Canada Central
  • West Europe

Modifying the region of an existing Astro cluster isn't supported. If you're interested in a region that isn't on this list, contact Astronomer support.

Node instance type

Astro supports different machine types and combinations of CPU, memory, storage, and networking capacity. All system and Airflow components within a single cluster are powered by the nodes specified during the cluster creation or modification process.

System nodes

  • Standard_D4d_v5

Worker nodes

  • Standard_D4d_v5
  • Standard_D8d_v5
  • Standard_D4_v5
  • Standard_D8_v5

For detailed information on each instance type, see Virtual machines in Azure. If you're interested in a machine type that isn't on this list, contact Astronomer support. Not all machine types are supported in all regions.

Maximum node count

Each Astro cluster has a limit on how many nodes it can run at once. This maximum includes worker nodes as well as system nodes managed by Astronomer.

The default maximum node count for all nodes across your cluster is 20. A cluster's node count is most affected by the number of worker Pods that are executing Airflow tasks. See Worker autoscaling logic.

If the node count for your cluster reaches the maximum node count, new tasks might not run or get scheduled. Astronomer monitors maximum node count and is responsible for contacting your organization if it is reached. To check your cluster's current node count, contact Astronomer Support.

Deployment Worker Size Limits

You can use the Worker Resources setting in the Cloud UI to allocate worker Pod CPU and memory.

The following table lists the maximum worker size that is supported on Astro for each worker node instance type. As the system requirements of Astro change, these values can increase or decrease. If you try to set Worker Resources to a size that exceeds the maximum for your cluster's worker node instance type, an error message appears in the Cloud UI.

Node Instance TypeMaximum AUCPUMemory
Standard_D4_v5 - 4/16252.5 CPUs9.3 GiB MEM
Standard_D8_v5 - 8/32646.4 CPUs24 GiB MEM
Standard_D4d_v5 - 4/16 (Default)252.5 CPUs9.3 GiB MEM
Standard_D8d_v5 - 8/32646.4 CPUs24 GiB MEM

If your Organization needs an instance type that supports a worker size limit higher than 64 AU, contact Astronomer support. For more information about configuring worker size on Astro, see Configure a Deployment.

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The size limits defined here also apply to Scheduler Resources, which determines the CPU and memory allocated to the Airflow Scheduler(s) of each Deployment. The maximum scheduler size on Astro is 30 AU, which means there are some node instance types for which that maximum size is not supported.

For more information about the scheduler, see Configure a Deployment.